Category Archives: suffering

The reward & punishment myth of karma & sin

The theory of karma and the belief in sin and punishment are mere myths. There is really no compelling evidence in support of them. We simply believe that evil actions result in retribution and good acts result in good providence. These are just theories of convenience. There is really no valid proof of these theories.

For e.g. when we witness another person perform something bad we mentally assume that nemesis will catch up with that person. We believe that justice will eventually prevail. Similarly when we do something good, perform some altruistic act we internally assume that we gain karmic merit. Others may believe that kindness and benevolence will ultimately result in a great time in heaven or some such thing.

In reality none of this is really true. Your life is ultimately the result of choices that you make. One could be evil and still make intelligent choices and navigate through life fairly successfully. On the other hand, there are altruists who suffer because they lack basic common sense.

Simply believing that “every action results in equal and opposite reaction” is naïve.

Having said that karma & sin are mere theories and have no substance does not mean that I am advocating an immoral or evil life. Ultimately every action that we do must be based on a simple maxim “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you”.

It is likely that the theory of karma & sin/punishment play an important role in the maintenance of law in the lives of mankind.

Ultimately it is ability to maintain the highest quality of life for mankind as a whole that should be basis for any thing that we do or don’t do.

The Many Faces of Suffering

Suffering is inevitable in life. There is no escape from pain and misery. We may wish it away but we cannot get rid of it. Suffering comes to us in many forms. This article looks at some of the most common types of suffering.

This piece does not try to provide any great solutions to the problem of human suffering but is an attempt to look at the many face of human sorrow.  It is hoped that an understanding of the cause of our suffering will allow us to take control of our lives and lessen the pain of suffering.

Suffering is generally of 3 types.

Personal: This is the most common of all type human suffering. We are all prone to this type of suffering. We feel hurt when somebody passes a rude comment about us or insults us in anyway. This is because our pride is hurt and we feel unhappy. Personal suffering also occurs when we don’t get what we desire. We may want that promotion in office, or we may expect praise from our friends. When this does not happen we feel let down. Personal suffering is largely of our own making. To some extent we can control this suffering if we keep our egos in check and moderate our desires in life.

Relational: This is the next type of human suffering. This happens because of the bonds and relationships that we develop with family and friends over time with our family and our close friends. When our family members or friends are hurt we feel hurt also. The pain is because we truly love them and have strong emotional ties with our family and our close friends. If these bonds are affected in any way we feel deeply hurt.  There is no way to lessen the pain of this kind of suffering. It occurs because of the strong bonds we have with people. We may try to adopt a philosophical outlook and try to reason or rationalize this pain. But this is a reality of life and we just have to accept it. However, where we can help out we should take appropriate steps rather than rationalizing the sorrow we feel,

Societal:  Most of us are immune to this type of suffering. Societal suffering is the sorrow that is felt by a person because of the inequities of society and the poverty, pain and suffering in society. Very few people really feel this. We are so engrossed in our own self-centered lives that we are not even aware that suffering exists in the world. Most of us have a “it does not concern me” attitude. Then there are others who just conveniently explain it away as the karma of the people in the society.

Those who really feel empathically for society at large are the real and true noble souls. We do have a Mahatma Gandhi, Mother Teresa, or a Bill Gates who are able to feel the misery of others and take steps to alleviate the pain and suffering of others. These people who put others above themselves are the really enlightened souls. While we cannot rid the society of all its problems we should make an attempt however small it may be.

I am reminded of the story of the little boy who kept repeatedly another stranded starfish from among a millions of starfishes stranded on the sea-shore. When the boy was told that there were millions and millions of such starfishes, the little boy remarked “at least I will make a difference to this one”.  We should help in doing what we can for others with the thought that “little drops make an ocean”.

Suffering is an integral part of our life. As a human being who lives an active life in this world we have to learn to accept adversity as a part of lives and simply move on.